What Is a Seed and What are the Different Types of Seed Classifications in India?

What is a Seed?

A seed is a portal to a new life for many plants. The importance of seeds in agriculture cannot be neglected. The gluten, after fertilization, turns into seeds. A seed coat and an embryo are inside the seeds. The embryo is made up of an embryonic axis, a radicle, and two cotyledons (wheat, maize) or one cotyledon (grams). A seed is the most important part of a crop. If the seed is good, the crop will be good.

We at BadiKheti sell a wide variety of seeds online and thought about shedding some light on the types of seeds available in India.

Seed Classes

Before you buy seeds online in India, having knowledge about the various classes of seeds available in the country is always beneficial. Normally we classify agricultural seeds as

  • Vegetable seeds
  • Flower seeds
  • Fodder seeds
  • Fruit seeds

The International Crop Improvement Association, on the other hand, classifies seeds into the following classes.

  • Breeder seed
  • Foundation seed
  • Registered seed
  • Certified seed

Let’s have a look at them.

Breeder seed

Such seeds are produced from nucleus seeds at an Agricultural University. It may be monitored by a joint inspection team of scientists and officials from certification agencies who monitor the production process.

Seeds of this type are known as nucleus seeds, and plant breeders must supervise their production. They possess all of the required genetic traits, and it’s possible to regularly practice mass selection to ensure they retain all the desired qualities.

Such seeds have high genetic value, and because of their tiny quantities, they are expensive. Breeder seed is used to produce foundation seed.

The tag color of the breeder seeds is Yellow.

Foundation seed

A mother seed is also known as a foundation seed because it’s responsible for providing seeds for other types of certified plants. Such seeds are produced by the State Farm Corporation of India, National Seed Corporation (NSC), and State seed Corporation under technical guidance by qualified plant breeders or research scientists.

Foundation seeds have White tags.

Registered seed

A registered seed may be produced from a foundation seed or another certified seed, or another registered seed itself. Its production is supervised by the certification agency. It has satisfactory genetic value and purity.

Such seeds are omitted in India, and thus, registered seeds are produced directly from foundation seeds.

Registered seeds have a Purple tag.

Certified seed

Certified seeds can be the progeny of foundation or registered seeds, each of which has to meet certain quality standards. Their production is supervised by an approved state seed certification agency.

The seed of this class is normally produced by the State and National Seeds Corporations and Private Seed companies on the farms of progressive growers. This is the commercial seed that the seed company sells to farmers for commercial crop production. Hence it is mandatory to maintain the purity of these seeds at 99 percent.

The color tag of the Certified seed is Blue.

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As now you understand the different types of seeds buying the one that you are looking for becomes easy.

Badikheti is the best place to buy cheap agricultural seeds in India. We have premium quality seeds from top seeds manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters and distributors. Whether you want organic seeds or non-organic ones, buy the best quality seeds from us and experience a bumper harvest.