A Quick guide to Onion Farming in India

How to do Onion Farming in India?

Onion farming is a profitable and rewarding activity for farmers in India. Onions are widely used in Indian cuisine and have many health benefits. The cultivation of Onions is done in most states of India.

Growing quality Onions from seeds to get high production is every farmer’s dream, Here we have provided steps that can help them to achieve it.

Onion Seed Farming in 7 Steps

To grow onions successfully, farmers need to follow these 7 steps:

Step 1. Choose a suitable variety of onion seeds to buy that can adapt to the local climate and soil conditions. You can find high-yielding varieties in India at Indian agriculture marketplaces such as Badi Kheti.

Step 2. Prepare the soil by plowing it to a fine tilth and adding organic manure or compost. Keep in mind that the Onion seeds should be well-drained and have a pH of 6.5-7.5.

Step 3. Sow the onion seeds or sets in raised beds or furrows at a spacing of 15 cm x 10 cm. The seeds of the Onion should be sown at a depth of 0.5 cm and the sets have to be planted at a depth of 2.5 cm with the pointed end facing up.

Step 4. Irrigate the onion crop regularly and avoid waterlogging or drought. The frequency and amount of irrigation depend on the soil type and weather conditions. For better results, you need to maintain your organic soil to farm potential crops. Generally, onion crops need irrigation every 7-10 days during the vegetative stage and every 3-4 days during the bulbing stage.

Step 5. Fertilize the onion crop with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur according to the soil test results and crop requirements. Apply half of the nitrogen and all of the phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur as a basal dose before planting. Apply the remaining nitrogen in two splits at 30 and 45 days after planting.

Step 6. Weed the onion crop manually or by using herbicides to prevent competition for nutrients, water, and space. Weeding should be done at least twice during the crop cycle, once at 20-25 days after planting and again at 40-45 days after planting.

Step 7. Harvest the onion crop when the tops start to fall over and turn yellow or brown. This usually happens after 90-120 days of planting depending on the variety and season. Cut off the tops and roots and let the bulbs dry in the sun for a few days before storing them in a cool and dry place.

By following these steps, farmers can cultivatehealthy and high-quality onions that can fetch a good price in the market.

One can also grow Onions from seeds at home. Follow the simple procedure to grow Onions at home and have fresh onions whenever you like.

Related Articles

Tips to Grow Vegetables this Winter Season
  • badikheti
  • September 18, 2023

Tips for successful cultivation of Rabi crops

To cultivate organic winter crops successfully, it is of utmost importance for the farmer to adopt a systematic approach. This requires the farmer to play the dual role of both a custodian and a practitioner. To achieve a flourishing winter harvest, several recommendations have been proposed based on practical experience and tailored to facilitate effective rabi season vegetable cultivation within India's agricultural framework. Moreover, the foremost of all the benefits of growing organic vegetables is that it restores the ecosystem as well as is a...

sowing tips for Chillies seeds
  • badikheti
  • September 14, 2023

A Guide to Proper Chilli Seed Sowing Depth and Techniques

Growing chillies (Mirch) can be extremely rewarding for any farmer in India. The satisfaction of harvesting large, plump mirchi is unparalleled. However, proper sowing techniques are crucial right from the start to ensure a successful crop. This beginner's guide will walk you through optimal chilli seed sowing depths and best practices for your Indian farms. Choosing the Right Chilli Seeds The first step is selecting high-quality, viable seeds of the chilli varieties you want to grow. Popular choices like lal mirch (red chilli), hari mirch...

Vegetables to Grow this Rabi Season
  • badikheti
  • September 11, 2023

Cold Season Cultivation: Prime Rabi Vegetables for Winter in India

The winter season holds a significant place in Indian agriculture owing to its distinct climate conditions. To cultivate Rabi vegetables during this time, meticulous planning, astute judgment, and adherence to conventional farming practices are imperative. The main objective of this piece is to present the optimal vegetable selections for winter farming, as perceived by Indian farmers. We intend to explore practical aspects, viable crop alternatives, and informative perspectives to elucidate the pragmatic aspect of prosperous winter vegetable cultivation. By integrating traditional knowledge with contemporary methods,...